Lesson One - You are Unique
Identifying and Recognising Emotions
SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL COMPETENCY: Self-Awareness, Social Awareness
Identify personal qualities
Recognise similarities and differences between themselves and others
Identify emotions in themselves and others
Recognise the body’s reaction to feelings: body cues
Understand how and when to assist others (empathy development)
KEY VOCABULARY: Similarities, differences, empathy, feelings, warning signs, body clues, happy, sad, worried, angry.
‘One World, One Day', by Barbara Kerley
IPad or access to computer
Music (upbeat music for games)
4 different coloured pens
The first lesson in the program focuses on developing self-awareness. Students are encouraged to appreciate diversity by recognising personal qualities and similarities and differences between peers and familiar people. Recognising similarities and differences leads into the discussion about how we all experience feelings and emotions. By normalising feelings children understand that all feelings they experience are normal and OK. It is important to teach children to not be ashamed of their feelings – good or bad.
Children need to learn how to recognise their feelings in order to learn how to manage them. These skills need to be explicitly taught just like learning to read and write. Children who are explicitly taught social and emotional skills are more likely to succeed at school, develop healthy relationships and are also less likely to develop mental health problems. As children grow, their emotions become more complex. How a child responds to different feelings and emotions will have a significant impact on how they cope and enjoy school life.
The aim of this lesson is to improve self-monitoring so that children are able to recognise arousal states and raise awareness of behaviours so that they are then able to use the strategies and tools to manage their emotional responses. In Lesson One, students will also learn about how to read the body language of others so that they can try to understand how those around them are feeling and respond emphatically. Students are made aware that other people have feelings and thoughts that are different to their own.
1. Introductory Discussion
Welcome to Get GRIT. Does anyone know what GRIT is all about? Allow time for response. GRIT is an acronym for Getting Along, Building Resilience, Identify Emotions and Taking Responsibility. Kids with GRIT have a positive attitude and a growth mindset. They believe that they can do anything they set their mind to. Kids with GRIT never give up. They believe that challenges will make them smarter and they believe that mistakes are proof that they trying. Kids with GRIT are persistent, resilient, dream big and work hard towards making those dreams come true. Kids with GRIT know that they are the boss of their thoughts and their feelings. They manage their anger, frustrations and worries and bounce back from difficulties. Kids with GRIT catch negative I Can’t thoughts that stop them from being happy and change them into positive I Can thoughts. They also maintain friendships by sharing, taking turns, being honest and trustworthy and they also play to win friendships and not play to win. Finally, kids with GRIT know how to stand up for themselves and are confident, courageous and brave.
Are you ready to learn how to get GRIT?
Today we are going to talk about the I in GRIT, identifying emotions. We are going to learn about what happens to our bodies when we experience feelings. But let’s start with a couple of games which will help us to get to know one another.
2. Warm-up Activities: Getting To Know You (10 minutes)
Face to Face Greeting Game.
The aim of this game is to encourage effective communication skills. Choose one student to be ‘it’. Students walk around the room. When ‘it’ calls ‘back to back’, all students need to quickly find a partner and stand back-to-back. When ‘it’ calls face-to-face, students need to find a partner and introduce themselves. Encourage students to use a clear, loud clear voice (hi, my name is), look the person in the eyes and stand tall. During the change, ‘it’ will try and find a partner and the player left out will become ‘it’.
Call Your Name Game.
Ask the students to form a circle. Invite each student to say their name aloud when the ball is rolled to them. After a few minutes, explain to the students that the rules are going to change and that they must now call out the name of the student they are rolling the ball to. Encourage students to include everyone in the class.
3. Establishing Group Guidelines (5 minutes)
The aim of this activity is to help establish group guidelines to ensure, during each session, the group functions effectively. Ask students, what do you think is really important for our group in order for us to learn together? Record the students’ answers on the Group Guidelines Template. Ask each student to sign their name on the paper to show that they agree to follow the group guidelines.
Developing shared rules within any group is important as it allows ownership of how things will run as well as being used for accountability when rules are not adhered to. It is important to always have the group guidelines displayed every lesson so that at any time the teacher can reference the guidelines if a student is being disruptive or interrupting the lesson.
You might like to include the following guidelines:
Only one person speaks at a time (hand up)
Listen when the teacher or other students are talking
There are no right or wrong answers
We all participate in every game and activity
4. Activity 1: One World, One Day (5 minutes)
The aim of this activity is to encourage students to appreciate diversity and recognise that we share similarities and we also have differences. Read 'One World, One Day’. The story is about accepting and appreciating differences and identifying similarities between kids from different countries around the world. After sharing the story, discuss the differences and similarities between the children in the story.
What were some differences between the children in the story?
How are they different to you?
What were some similarities between the children in the story?
How are they the same as you?
5. Activity 2: Similarities and Differences: Just Like Me (5 minutes)
The game, ‘Just Like Me’, reinforces the concepts of similar and different through learning about similarities and differences between group members. Play upbeat music and encourage students to dance to the music. When the music stops, call out a statement (same shoe size, same colour hair, same age, has a sister, has a brother, same hand size, boy or girl etc.) and students need to find someone who is similar to them.
We all share similarities and differences. Imagine if we were all same, it would be very boring. Imagine if we all had the same name, it would be confusing! Differences make us unique and interesting. We are going to play a game called ‘Just Like Me’. I’m going to play a song, when the music stops I will call out a statement, such as ‘same colour eyes’. You need to link arms or stand next to anyone who has the same colour eyes as you. (If students don’t feel comfortable linking arms, then they can stand next to each other).
Invite students to sit back on the mat or table.
In the story, we looked at photos of kids from all over the world. One thing that we share are feelings. We all experience feelings whether it be sad, scared, angry or happy. All feelings are OK and normal. Is it OK to feel angry? Allow time for responses. Yes, it is OK to feel angry. We all at times feel angry. It’s what we do when we are angry that is important. Is it OK to feel sad? Yes, it is OK to feel sad. It’s what we do when we are sad that counts. Hurting ourselves or hurting other people because we feel sad or angry is not OK. We experience lots of different feelings. We are going to watch a short video clip. Watch closely and see if you can you guess the feeling.
6. Activity 3: Guess the Feeling (5 minutes)
The following movie clip is a short clip from the movie Inside Out. Watch the following clip.
7. Activity 4: Bear Cards Memory Game (10 minutes)
Bear Cards feature 48 bear characters showing a wide range of emotions. The cards engage children and help them to recognize, identify and talk about feelings. You will need either 2 packs of bear cards to play Memory OR choose an even amount of angry, sad, worried and happy cards and explain to the group that the aim of the game is to match an angry bear with another angry bear etc. (they are colour coded). Once the cards are spread out on the ground. Ask students to choose two bears and compare the two.
We are going to play a game of memory with my Bear cards. The Bear cards are pictures of bears who are experiencing lots of different emotions. Some bears are angry, some bears are sad, happy and worried. While we are playing, we are going to look closely at each bear’s face and body and talk about what we think the bear is feeling.
Encourage students to look at the bear’s face and the bear’s body and look for body clues.
Are they different?
What are the bears feeling?
How do you know the bear is feeling sad, happy, and angry or worried?’
8. Activity 5: Body Cues: The Warning Signs (10 minutes)
The aim of this activity is to teach students to be aware of how their bodies respond when they experience different feelings. The aim of this activity is to teach students to be aware of how their bodies respond when they experience different feelings. In small groups, students draw on the template of the body the clues their body gives them when they experience different feelings. Ask one group to draw the clues their body gives them when they are happy. Ask another group to draw the clues their body gives them when they are sad. Ask one group to draw the clues their body gives them when they are angry. Ask one group to draw the clues their body gives them when they are worried. Once students complete the activity, display the posters and talk about what happens to our face and body for each feeling.
Our body gives us clues to how we are feeling. It is important to pay attention to your feelings. We are now going to think about what happens to our face and our bodies when we are happy, angry, sad and worried. We are going to break into small groups and I will give each group a different feeling. You need to draw on the body what happens to your face and body when you are feeling that particular feeling.
When we are feeling happy where on our body do we feel happy? What happens to our face? (Smile, eyes are wide, stand up tall)
When we are angry where on our body do we feel angry? What happens to our face? (Hands clench, stomach tightens, eyebrows frown, teeth clench, eyes narrow)
When we are sad where on our body do we feel sadness? What happens to our face? (Tears, eyes narrow, mouth frowns, shoulders roll)
When we are worried where on our body do we feel worry? What happens to our face? (Butterflies in stomach, eyebrows frown, mouth straight, shoulders roll)
9. Activity 6: Practising Empathy – Guess my Feeling (10 minutes)
A person’s face and body can reveal a lot about how they are feeling. If you notice someone looking unhappy, you can acknowledge how they are feeling by saying, ‘You look…’ and then you can ask how they you could help them. When you are feeling unhappy, it’s nice to have someone show that they care about you.
Ask for a volunteer to act out a feeling. Students need to guess the feeling by saying, ‘You are feeling….’ Encourage the student who guess correctly to think of a way they could help that student. By encouraging the students to answer with, ‘You are feeling sad etc.’ they are practising empathy. This encourages the students to acknowledge how another person is feeling before asking if they are able to help them.
10. Concluding Activity: Pass the Smile (5 minutes)
Sit in a circle. Choose one student to smile his widest, silliest smile at everyone to try and make someone giggle or laugh. He gets a point for everyone who can’t keep a totally straight face. Continue game ensuring all students get a turn.
A smile is contagious, when someone smiles at you it is hard not to smile too! Always remember how powerful a smile can be.
Close session: Thank the group for their participation throughout the session. Encourage them to practice the new skills they learned during the week. Share with the group an exciting activity that they will do during the next GRIT lesson.